Bèng

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Bèng   5B
Kĭng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hâi(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Lī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Pì (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bèng(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Táng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dâng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iōng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hók (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Neon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Năk(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mī (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lé̤ṳ(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sĭk (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lìng (nguòng-só)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Liù-uòng(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lṳ̆k (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Ā (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Gák (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gái (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Scandium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Titanium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Vanadium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáuk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mâing (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tiék(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gū (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngiĕk(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dè̤ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ā-iòng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Germanium(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Piĕ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Să̤ (gó-tā̤)(gì-tă hĭ-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Chéu (nguòng-só)(lū-só)
Káik (nguòng-só)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Rubidium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Strontium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Yttrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Zirconium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Niobium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Mŭk (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Technetium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ruthenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhodium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bă (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gáik (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Indium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Sék(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dà̤ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dá̤ (nguòng-só)(lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Diēng(lū-só)
Să̤ (ké-tā̤)(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Caesium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Barium(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lanthanum(lanthanum-hiê)
Cerium(lanthanum-hiê)
Praseodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Neodymium(lanthanum-hiê)
Promethium(lanthanum-hiê)
Samarium(lanthanum-hiê)
Europium(lanthanum-hiê)
Gadolinium(lanthanum-hiê)
Terbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Dysprosium(lanthanum-hiê)
Holmium(lanthanum-hiê)
Erbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Thulium(lanthanum-hiê)
Ytterbium(lanthanum-hiê)
Lutetium(lanthanum-hiê)
Hafnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Tantalum(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Ŭ (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Rhenium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Osmium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iridium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Băh-gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Gĭng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Cūi-ngṳ̀ng(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Thallium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Iòng (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bék (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Polonium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Astatine(lū-só)
Radon(hĭ-iū ké-tā̤)
Francium(giĕng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Lòi (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(giĕng-tū gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Actinium(actinium-hiê)
Thorium(actinium-hiê)
Protactinium(actinium-hiê)
Iù (gĭng-sṳ̆k)(actinium-hiê)
Neptunium(actinium-hiê)
Plutonium(actinium-hiê)
Americium(actinium-hiê)
Curium(actinium-hiê)
Berkelium(actinium-hiê)
Californium(actinium-hiê)
Einsteinium(actinium-hiê)
Fermium(actinium-hiê)
Mendelevium(actinium-hiê)
Nobelium(actinium-hiê)
Lawrencium(actinium-hiê)
Rutherfordium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Dubnium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Seaborgium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Bohrium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Hassium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Meitnerium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Darmstadtium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Roentgenium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Copernicium(guó-dô gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Nihonium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Flerovium(bìng-gĭng-sṳ̆k)
Moscovium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Livermorium(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Tennessine(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)
Oganesson(mâ̤ hiēu dĕk-séng)


Bèng

Lé̤ṳ
beriliBèngTáng
ngôi-guăng
black-brown

boron (β-rhombohedral)[1]
gái-huóng
miàng-cê·hù-hô̤·sê̤ṳ-só Bèng (boron)·B·5
nguòng-só lôi-biék lôi-gĭng-sṳ̆k
cŭk·ciŭ-gĭ·kṳ̆ 13·2·p
nguòng-cṳ̄-liông (10.806–10.821)[2]
diêng-cṳ̄ bà̤-buó [He] 2s2 2p1
2, 3
Lĭk-sṳ̄
huák-hiêng Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis Jacques Thénard[3](30 June 1808 nièng)
hŭng-liê Humphry Davy[4](9 July 1808 nièng)
ŭk-lī séng-cék
ŭk-tái gó-tā̤
iòng-diēng sèng-âu gì ĭk-tā̤ mĭk-dô̤ 2.08 g·cm−3
iòng-diēng 2349 K,2076 °C,3769 °F
bé-diēng 4200 K,3927 °C,7101 °F
iòng iĕk 50.2 kJ·mol−1
ké-huá iĕk 508 kJ·mol−1
bī-iĕk-ṳ̀ng 11.087 J·mol−1·K−1

cĭng-ké-ák

ák/Pa 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
ŭng/K 2348 2562 2822 3141 3545 4072
nguòng-cṳ̄ séng-cék
iōng-huá-tái 3, 2, 1, −1, −5
((a mildly acidic oxide))
diêng-hô-séng 2.04 (Pauling biĕu-dô)
diêng-liê-nèng

dâ̤ 1: {{{1st ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
dâ̤ 2: {{{2nd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1

dâ̤ 3: {{{3rd ionization energy}}} kJ·mol−1
nguòng-cṳ̄ buáng-géng 90 pm
gê̤ṳng-gá buáng-géng 84±3 pm
Van der Waals buáng-géng 192 pm
gì-tă
cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu

rhombohedral

Bèng ô rhombohedral cĭng-tā̤ giék-gáiu
Cṳ̀-sê̤ṳ diamagnetic
diêng-cū-lŭk (20 °C)~106 Ω·m
iĕk-dô̤-lŭk 27.4 W·m−1·K−1
pàng-dióng hiê-só (25 °C)β form: 5–7 µm·m−1·K−1
siăng-sók (20 °C)16,200 m·s−1
Mohs ngâing-dô̤ ~9.5
CAS hô̤ 7440-42-8
có̤i ūng-diâng gì dùng-ôi-só


dùng-ôi-só hŭng-dô buáng-sŏi-gĭ huŏng-sék nèng-liôngMeV sāng-ŭk
10B 19.9(7)% ūng-dêng, dái 5 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄[5]
11B 80.1(7)% ūng-dêng, dái 6 ciáh dṳ̆ng-cṳ̄[5]
10B content may be as low as 19.1% and as high as 20.3% in natural samples. 11B is the remainder in such cases.[6]

Bèng (硼) sê siŏh cṳ̄ng huá-hŏk nguòng-só. Nguòng-cṳ̄ sê̤ṳ-só sê 5, huá-hŏk hù-hô̤ sê B.

Huá-hŏk séng-cék[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Éng-ê̤ṳng[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Cié-chṳ̄[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

Chăng-kō̤ cṳ̆-lâiu[Siŭ-gāi | Gāi nguòng-mā]

  1. Van Setten et al. 2007, pp. 2460–1
  2. Standard Atomic Weights 2013. Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights
  3. Gay Lussac, J.L. and Thenard, L.J. Sur la décomposition et la recomposition de l'acide boracique. Annales de chimie. 1808, 68: 169–174. 
  4. Davy H. An account of some new analytical researches on the nature of certain bodies, particularly the alkalies, phosphorus, sulphur, carbonaceous matter, and the acids hitherto undecomposed: with some general observations on chemical theory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1809, 99: 39–104. doi:10.1098/rstl.1809.0005. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Atomic Weights and Isotopic Compositions for All Elements. National Institute of Standards and Technology. [2008-09-21]. 
  6. Szegedi, S.; Váradi, M.; Buczkó, Cs. M.; Várnagy, M.; Sztaricskai, T. Determination of boron in glass by neutron transmission method. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Letters. 1990, 146 (3): 177. doi:10.1007/BF02165219.